by on August 5, 2022

Oral bone graft surgery or dental bone graft is a dental procedure, that is performed by a certified orthodontist to add volume and density to the jaws in the areas where the bone loss occurred. This dental procedure is extremely common. There are several reasons for people to opt for oral bone graft surgery, including tooth extraction, dental implants, getting dentures, or bone loss due to gum disease.

The bone graft material can be taken from your body, which is termed autogenous, or you can buy it from a human tissue bank (allograft). The bone graft material can also be taken from an animal tissue bank called xenograft, or the material could be synthetic as well (alloplastic). If you are considering getting oral bone graft surgery, you should make an appointment with your dentist. You can also book a dental appointment online for your convenience. To have a better understanding of the dental graft procedure, let’s discuss the various types of bone grafts:

Socket Preservation

Socket preservation is also known as ridge preservation. The bone graft procedure for this type includes placement of the graft in the socket immediately after tooth extraction. This procedure is suggested by dentists to fill the void left behind due to extracted tooth and to prevent the side of the sockets from caving in.

Ridge Augmentation

The Ridge augmentation procedure of oral bone graft works by increasing the width and volume of the jawbone so it can be strong enough to provide a stable foundation for implants or other restorative alternatives. This procedure is generally suggested when the individual’s teeth have been missing for a while, and the space left around the supporting jawbone is thinner than before.

Sinus Lift

The maxillary sinuses take place just above the upper back teeth. In the case of missing upper back teeth, the sinuses can drop down and start to invade the space which was once occupied by the teeth roots. In a situation like this, the individual cannot proceed with implant procedures as they would penetrate the sinus membrane. This problem can be easily solved by a dental procedure called a sinus lift. It will lift the sinus back to its rightful position, and dental bone graft will be placed underneath it to provide a stable foundation for the placement of dental implants later.

Periodontal Bone Graft

The infection from gum disease can erode the bone supporting the tooth and cause it to become loose. A periodontal bone graft is placed by the periodontist, around the existing tooth to reduce its mobility and provide some additional support.


There are various reasons for people to opt for oral bone graft surgery and different procedures are suitable for different cases. Depending on the individual condition, the periodontist will suggest the appropriate procedure to help you deal with the situation better. The recovery time varies from person to person. For quicker and more efficient recovery, one should follow the dentist’s prescription.

Posted in: Dental
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