sameenaa shaikh
by on September 15, 2022

A website's legitimacy is confirmed by an SSL certificate, a digital certificate that allows for an encrypted connection. A secure connection between a web server and a web browser is created using the security protocol known as Secure Sockets Layer or SSL. 

Businesses and organisations must incorporate SSL certificates into their websites in order to secure online transactions and safeguard client information. Thus, many potential users or viewers can be turned away if your website is not protected. Hence, to avoid missing out on traffic, make sure that you buy an SSL certificate.

Why the need to buy an SSL certificate?

If you go to an unreliable website and are asked to fill out and submit a form, your information could be intercepted by a hacker. This information may contain your email address or the specifics of a bank transaction. 

Here's how it works- On the server that houses a website, a hacker instals an undetected program that waits in the background until a user starts inputting personal information. Then it will activate and start gathering information to send back to the hacker. 

On the other hand, when you visit a website encrypted with an SSL certificate, your browser will connect to the web server and establish a connection between your browser and the server. This encrypted link ensures that all the data is protected. Thus, if you are planning to expand your business online, make sure to buy an SSL certificate at the earliest.

How does the SSL certificate work?

All information sent between users and websites or between two systems needs to be unreadable in order for SSL to work. Algorithms are used to encrypt data in transit, preventing hackers from intercepting it as it moves over the network. These data include names, addresses, credit card numbers, and other potentially sensitive information like financial data. 

This is how the process works- 

Step 1: A browser or server tries to connect to a web server (i.e., a website) that is SSL-secured. 

Step 2: The web server's identification is requested by the browser or server.

Step 3: In response, the web server delivers a copy of its SSL certificate to the browser or server. 

Step 4: Whether a browser or server trusts the SSL certificate is determined by this check. If so, it alerts the web server of this. 

Step 5: A digitally signed acknowledgment is subsequently returned by the web server to initiate an SSL encrypted session. 

Step 6: The web server and the browser or server exchange encrypted data. 

Though it sounds like a drawn-out process, it happens in milliseconds and is frequently referred to as an "SSL handshake." Also, to make things easier, make sure that you have access to a premium domain.

Things included in an SSL Certificate:

When you buy an SSL certificate, the following are the details that are included- 

  • Associated subdomains
  • Issue date of the certificate
  • The expiry date of the certificate
  • Which Certificate Authority issued it
  • The Certificate Authority's digital signature
  • The public key (the private key is not revealed)
  • The domain name that the certificate was issued for
  • Which person, organisation, or device was it issued to 

To get the best guidance on the same and carry forward your online venture to a broad horizon, you can get in touch with the experts in this domain. There are some of the leading service providers when it comes to SSL certificates, and they are  premium domain providers.

Posted in: website security
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