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Moni Kaur
by on July 12, 2019
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Introduction

Infertility is the incapability of a couple to conceive once indulgence in unprotected sex multiple times over a protracted amount. It also can be stated because the biological inability of a man to cause conception or a woman to conceive yet as being unable to hold the maternity for the complete length. analysis has shown that feminine issues contribute to over half all the infertility cases.

In this article, we will find out the causes, risk factors responsible for infertility in women and also the methods for its treatment concluded by Dr. Abhijit Oka

Infertility Causes

The causes responsible for infertility include:

- Ovulation Disorders:

This is often considered the foremost common reason behind infertility in ladies. The disorders may be caused due to conditions like PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome), Premature ovarian failure, poor quality of eggs, hyperactive or inactive thyroid gland and chronic conditions like cancer or AIDS.

- Problems in fallopian tubes or womb:

Abnormalities within the uterus or fallopian tubes render the woman incapable of conceiving naturally. This might be due to conditions like endometriosis, previous sterilization treatments or surgeries to correct past issues.

- Medications or Treatments:

There's a chance of some treatments affecting infertility. Examples include NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), chemotherapy and radiotherapy.

Factors Risking Fertility

The risk factors are as following:

- Age

Increasing age tends to lower the standard as well as the number of a woman's eggs

- Smoking

Besides damaging your cervix and fallopian tubes, smoking will increase your risk of miscarriage. it's conjointly believed to eat up your eggs at a premature stage, thereby reducing your possibilities of maternity.

- Weight

Normal ovulation is hindered by being overweight or maybe considerably underweight. this is often as a result of lower levels of BMI (body mass index) reduces the frequency of ovulation, reducing the probabilities of maternity.

- Sexual history

Sexually transmitted diseases like gonorrhea and Chlamydia will cause injury to the fallopian tubes, leading to infertility.

How can you treat Infertility?

For treating infertility in women, firstly she is diagnosed and then the treatment methods are done.

Diagnosis

Usually, the initial steps for diagnosis infertility involve a review of the entire medical history of the patients yet as a physical examination. Post this check-up, some diagnostic tests are conducted for infertility.

This may include-

- Blood and urine tests: For checking hormone levels.

- Pap smear: For checking the health of your cervix.

- X-ray: For outlining the internal shape of the uterus so blockages in fallopian tubes will be identified.

Treatment Methods for Infertility

Even though it's attainable to restore fertility in women using only 1 or 2 therapies, a variety of treatments might be needed before conception is feasible. some of these treatments include:

- Intrauterine insemination (IUI): deliberately introducing sperm into the womb of a lady for achieving pregnancy.

- Stimulating ovulation with fertility medication.

- Surgery to revive fertility.

In situations wherever pregnancy doesn't happen spontaneously, assisted reproductive technology (ART) may be utilized by couples to realize a pregnancy. it is any kind of fertility treatment that involves the handling of sperm and egg. the complete ART team consists of psychologists, physicians, embryologists, nurses and laboratory technicians.

One common ART technique is In vitro fertilization (IVF). It is a method wherever an egg and sperm are manually combined during a laboratory dish, followed by the transfer of the embryo to the womb.

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