Assignment Writing
by on August 25, 2019
There are four basic types of writing, commonly referred to as “writing styles.” These styles are Expository, Persuasive/Argumentative, Narrative, and Descriptive. Each style serves a specific purpose, such as explaining how something works or getting people to agree with a point of view. The audience and the purpose determine which writing style is used. 1. Expository Expository writing explains a particular subject to its readers. It focuses on specific topics and includes relevant facts, figures, and descriptions. It usually describes a process, and information is ordered logically and sequentially. It usually does not include the writer’s opinions or any effort to convince the reader of a certain position on the information. This is one of the most common styles and is used in: - Textbooks - How-to books and articles - Cookbooks - News stories - Business writing - Technical writing - Scientific writing 2. Persuasive/Argumentative Persuasive and/or argumentative writing contains the biases and opinions of the writer. It also includes justifications, reasons, and arguments in an effort to convince the reader to agree with the writer’s opinion, accept an idea, or take an action. This writing is used in: - Opinion columns - Editorial pieces- Advertisements and commercials - Product reviews - Sales presentations - Speeches - Recommendations and cover letters 3. Narrative Narrative writing is used when telling a story, which can be fact or fiction. This is one of the most versatile styles because it allows writers to create from imagination. In this type of writing the story is central, not the facts. Narrative includes characters and dialogue, tells a story, and has a logical beginning, middle, and end. This style is most often used in: - Novels - Short Stories - Poetry - Memoirs - Biographies 4. Descriptive Descriptive writing is similar to expository. It explains something to the reader, but it does so with very descriptive language that uses all five senses (sight, sound, taste, touch, smell) to create a for the reader. Descriptive writing is often personal and subjective while expository writing is typically impersonal or distant. This style is often used in: - Poetry - Diaries - Journals - Love letters Screenplays These four styles are related to the purpose of writing. However, style goes beyond purpose. It is also defined by word choice, pacing, structure, voice, and tone. Word choice is about being precise and concise. Precision is selecting the specific words that convey meaning, create imagery, inspire emotion, and provoke response. Conciseness doesn’t mean writing in short jerky sentences (unless that is a stylistic choice). It means using only the words necessary, eliminating unnecessary flowery, repetitive, complex, Sentence structure is how the words and thoughts are arranged. Are the words logically ordered and easy to follow? Are important ideas placed first to grab attention or later to build momentum and suspense? Are the sentences short and choppy, long-winded, or just right? Are passages smooth and interesting to read? rhythm, consonance, multi-syllabic words, metaphor, simile, personification, onomatopoeia, hyperbole,.
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