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Dr. Aditya Pradhan
by on November 18, 2019
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Kidney cancer which is also known as renal cancer is a deadly disease that has been engulfing a large number of people lately. The trend and statistics display that number is still increasing, hence it is suggested that a reputed urologist should be consulted for kidney cancer treatment in Delhi. Kidney cancer is a disease in which kidney cells become malignant, hence it grows out of proportion, forming a tumor. Every kidney cancer initially appears in the lining of the tiny tubes, called tubules, in the kidney. Such type of kidney cancer is known as renal cell carcinoma. As far as the treatment of kidney cancer is concerned, if this disease is caught at the initial or early stage, it has healthy chances of successful treatment. However, at times, these tumors may grow to be quite large before they are detected. The treatment for kidney cancer will largely depend on the stage and condition of the individual. Kidney cancer diagnosis and treatment Before the cancer treatment, the doctor will evaluate the stage and condition of cancer. For this purpose, the doctor will conduct the diagnosis that may include: • Blood and urine tests • Imaging tests • Biopsy (removing a sample of kidney tissue Surgical treatment Nephrectomy The procedure involves the removal of the entire kidney, a border of healthy tissue and sometimes, additional adjacent tissues, such as lymph nodes, adrenal glands and other structures. The treatment can be done through open nephrectomy in which the surgeon may perform a nephrectomy through a single incision in the abdomen or side. The treatment can also be done using a number of small incisions in the abdomen which is called laparoscopic or robotic-assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy. Partial Nephrectomy As the name implies, it involves the removal of the tumor and a small portion of healthy tissue adjacent to it. It does not remove the entire kidney but only the tumor and affected portion. The whole procedure is also known as kidney sparing or nephron-sparing surgery. It can be performed as open surgery, or minimally invasive surgery or with robotic-assisted surgery. Non-surgical treatment for kidney cancer Cryoablation: A special hollow needle is inserted through the skin and into the kidney tumor. The needle consists of cold gas that cools down or freezes the cancer cells. Radiofrequency ablation: In this procedure, a special probe is inserted through the skin and into the kidney tumor. There is an electrical current run through the needle that causing cells to heat up or burn. The non-surgical kidney cancer treatment in Delhi is appropriate and beneficial for a particular patient. It is also a potential option for people who are not recommended for surgical procedures and with small kidney tumors. Treatment for advanced and recurrent kidney cancer When cancer recurs or it spreads to other parts of the body, such prevailing cancer may not be curable, however, it can be controlled by the treatment. The treatment may include: • Drugs • Targeted therapy • Surgery to remove a possible portion of the tumor • Clinical trial
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