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Shaheen Shaikh
by on December 31, 2019
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Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) is a condition in which the female reproductive organs are infected by sexually transmitted germs. With time the infection spreads to the pelvic organs and can pose serious health risks including death in extreme conditions. In Indian hospitals, PID accounts for 3-10% gynecological admissions, says a study published on National Center for Biotechnology Information.

Therefore, you must be well aware of the symptoms and causes to receive PID treatment before it is too late.

Symptoms of PID

Following are the symptoms which indicate you might have pelvic inflammatory disease. Most PID symptoms are mild but can also turn severe in certain women.

* Abnormal vaginal discharge along with foul odor

* Irregular or heavy bleeding, especially during your periods or after intercourse

* Mild but consistent pain in the lower abdomen

* Discomfort or bleeding during intercourse

* Pain while urinating

* Tiredness, vomiting and nausea at regular intervals

* Fever accompanied with chills

* Persistent pain in the upper right abdomen

It is important to note that these symptoms do not confirm the disease. You must consult the gynecologist for a thorough check up before opting for a PID treatment.

Causes of PID

Sexually transmitted infections (STI) like Gonorrhoea and Chlamydia are the most common causes of this disease. These infections are usually bacterial, parasitic or fungal and spread while having unprotected sex.  The infection begins at the vagina and eventually spread to the cervix, fallopian tubes up to the ovary. However, PID is not solely caused by sexual intercourse. It can also result from bacterial vaginosis.
Multiple sexual partners, unprotected sex and having a history of PID are the leading causes of this dreadful disease. Women who indulge in frequent douching are also at high risks of contracting PID.

How to Prevent PID?

Follow these useful tips to lower the chances of acquiring PID

* Unless you are trying for a child, use condoms at all times during sexual intercourses.

* Go for regular health checkups if you know you might get STI due to an active sex life.

* Avoid douching to maintain the good bacteria in your vagina.

* Keep a watch on any possible symptom developing in the body and seek medical help if required.

* Avoid having sexual relationship with multiple partners.

* Make sure you and your partner are screened thoroughly before engaging in sexual activities. This will save both of you from potential infections.

* If you recently had an intra-uterine device (IUD) inserted, you could be at a greater risk. Follow up with your gynaecologist regularly.

Condoms are most effective to avoid any infection. However, you can still talk to your doctor for effective advice on how to keep yourself away from PID.

Be well informed about these symptoms, causes and treatment of PID. Often antibiotics work wonders to eliminate infections. Make sure you take the medicines on time and for as long as they are prescribed for the best outcome.

Untreated Pelvic Inflammatory Disease can not only lead to fatalities, but also result in infertility in the long term.

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