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Shaheen Shaikh
by on March 29, 2020
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A high-risk pregnancy situation is a relative term. A particular complication for one pregnancy might not be risky for another. But in India, almost 20%-30% pregnancies could turn out to be high risk. This leads to 75% of the prenatal diseases in the country, according to an article published by the International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health.

The good news, however, is that effective prenatal care can avert such health complications. Here’s a look at the potential risk factors of high pregnancy that the best gynaecologists in Hyderabad treat most commonly.

Gestational Diabetes

The type of diabetes women experience while expecting a baby is called gestational diabetes. At least 5% of all pregnant women are affected by this condition. It is more prevalent in females who are overweight or those with have a family history of diabetes. The babies born to these women tend to be unusually large and might suffer from a drop in sugar levels right after delivery. Pregnancy requires increased amounts of insulin. Diabetes during this stage can pose severe health threats.

Preeclampsia

Almost 3%-7% women suffer from this syndrome during pregnancy. It is characterized by increased urinary protein (proteinuria), high blood pressure and impaired liver enzyme levels in the blood. This condition usually begins in the 20th week of pregnancy. It is mostly seen in women who are overweight, have high blood pressure or a family history, those expecting multiple pregnancies or are pregnant for the first time. Looking out for symptoms like troubled breathing and blurred vision can help act promptly to minimize risks.

Obesity

Obese women tend to develop fetuses that are larger than normal. This leads to certain conditions, such as sleep apnea. Diabetes is a common occurrence in overweight pregnant women. When you put on excessive weight, there is an increased chance of structural abnormalities in the baby’s heart too. Get in touch with your doctor to know how many kilos you can safely gain during pregnancy. This is important, since underweight, average and overweight women have different specifications.

HIV Aids

If you are affected by the human immunodeficiency virus, the infection is likely to pass on to the child. In fact, the virus can spread while breastfeeding too. Additionally, HIV can damage the immune system to a large extent. This reduces the ability to fight off infections or stop cancerous cells from growing.

However, the best gynaecologists in Hyderabad assure that there are effective medications to prevent the transmission of the infection.

Autoimmune Diseases

Multiple sclerosis and lupus are two conditions that can impair the pregnancy and delivery process. A few risks include preterm labor and birth in women affected by lupus. Multiple sclerosis, on the other hand, interferes with basic body functions, like balance and vision. This can be particularly risky during pregnancy. Medication to treat these disorders could pose threats to the fetus. But with close monitoring throughout, the risks can be eliminated.

Previous miscarriages, birth defects, still birth, baby with cerebral palsy and underweight newborns can also be a cause of complications in the second pregnancy. Make sure to consult your doctor immediately, if you notice any symptoms of these conditions.

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