Marco Wilson
by on March 18, 2021
The CRAAP Test is a test to check the reliability of sources across academic disciplines.

CRAAP is an acronym for Currency, Relevance, Authority, Accuracy, and Purpose. Due to the vast number of sources existing online, it can be difficult to tell whether these sources are trustworthy to use as tools for research.

Primarily scientists and science students use the CRAAP Test to determine if articles are acceptable for use in an academic setting, though the test can be applied to the humanities. Go with the Craap Test Method and check the validity of your content.

Who developed the CRAAP test?

The CRAAP test, developed by Sarah Blakeslee and her team of librarians at California State University, Chico (CSU Chico), is used mainly by higher education librarians at universities. It is one of the various approaches to source criticism.

What is the CRAAP Test?

Currency - The timeliness of the information

1. When was the information published or posted?
2. Has the information been revised or updated?
3. Is the information current or out-of-date for your topic?
4. Are the links functional?

Relevance - The importance of the information for your needs

1. Does the information relate to your topic or answer your question?
2. Who is the intended audience?
3. Is the information at an appropriate level (i.e. not too elementary or advanced for your needs)?
4. Have you looked at a variety of sources before determining this is one you will use?
5. Would you be comfortable using this source for a research paper?

Authority - The source of the information

1. Who is the author/publisher/source/sponsor?
2. Are the author's credentials or organizational affiliations given?
3. What are the author's credentials or organizational affiliations are given?
4. What are the author's qualifications to write on the topic?
5. Is there contact information, such as a publisher or e-mail address? Does the URL reveal anything about the author or source?

Accuracy - The reliability, truthfulness, and correctness of the content

1. Where does the information come from?
2. Is the information supported by evidence?
3. Has the information been reviewed or refereed?
4. Can you verify any of the information in another source or from personal knowledge?
5. Does the language or tone seem biased and free of emotion?
6. Are there spelling, grammar, or other typographical errors?

Purpose - The reason the information exists

1. What is the purpose of the information?
2. Do the authors/sponsors make their intentions or purpose clear?
3. Is the information fact? opinion? propaganda?
4. Does the point of view appear objective and impartial?
5. Are there political, ideological, cultural, religious, institutional, or personal biases?

Why is the CRAAP test important?

CRAAP test - Evaluating source credibility. Evaluating the credibility of the sources you use is of key importance to ensure the credibility and reliability of your academic research. California State University developed the CRAAP test to help evaluate the credibility of a source.

What does the acronym CRAAP mean?

CRAAP is an acronym for Currency, Relevance, Authority, Accuracy, and Purpose. Use the CRAAP Test to evaluate your sources. When was the information published or posted?


It is generally accepted that the current information aspect places an increasing burden on the information consumer. The lack of editorial control in a web environment, coupled with personalized search engine results and filter bubbles of disinformation on social media makes obvious the need for keepers to grow our guidance to teach and encourage lateral, fact-checking behaviors and dispositions.
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