by on April 14, 2021

Melasma is a skin condition related to pigmentation. The brown or gray spots that appear on your skin, primarily on your face clarify that you are suffering from this disorder.

Affected Areas

Here are the most affected area where you can see this pigmentation-the Forehead, the Cheeks, the Upper lip& the Bridge of the nose.

Besides, there are many other areas, where you mostly get sun exposure. Your forearms, your neck and shoulders may have these signs.

Who can be affected?

A study states that only 10 percent men may have tendency to develop this condition. Mostly, these are dusky women and also pregnant ladies who have a great risk of developing it.


There is no concrete reason about why melasma is caused. Doctors believe that it is due to melanocytes. These are the cells that provide colour to the skin. When these cells go aggressive in melanin production, they produce too much of colour. This is why it happens.

People with darker skin tone are more likely to get this skin disorder because they have more melanocytes than people with fair complexion.

In short, here are the main causes of this problem:

• Sun exposure

• Hormonal changes during pregnancy (chloasma)

• Hormone treatment

• Taking contraceptive or birth control pills

• Certain skin care products or cosmetics

• Inheritance from the people who have it in their genes

How do you identify it?

Certainly, symptoms or signs can tell that one is suffering from this pigmentation problem. The primary sign is discoloured spots on the surface, which develop over time.

However, you don’t see any difference to your physique, except for the bothersome patches on the areas that experience sun exposure.

As aforesaid, our face is the most common area that faces the sun’s UV rays the most. You see these signs prominently appearing there, especially on the upper lips, bridge of the nose, cheeks and forehead.

Arms and neck have the least chance of getting it.

How does a doctor diagnose it?

Dermatologists or any other skin specialist can diagnose it easily during visual examination. But, its signs resemble other skin conditions also, which pushes them for considering a small biopsy test.

This test is conducted on very small tissues of the surface, which is extracted for the examination purpose in a laboratory.

In addition, there is a device called a wood’s light, which is also useful in closely examining this condition.

Best Ways to Treat Melasma

Initially, topical medications are prescribed. If they don’t show any effect, patients can opt in advanced laser and cosmetic procedures.

Here are a few to name:

• Microdermabrasion

With this procedure, the outermost layer of the skin is removed causing little to no damage to the deep layers. This melasma treatment is similar to softening the hyperpigmentation.

• Chemical peel

The experienced doctor mostly uses glycolic peel to treat this condition. It generally requires four to six sessions over two or three weeks.

• Laser treatment

For laser therapy, the doctor carefully uses fractional non-ablative laser, while minimising the chances of post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.

• Light therapy

This therapy has shown 80% improvement in the patients. Using bright light, the skin tone improves and pigmentation evens out. This therapy breaks up melanin clusters and reduces discolouration.

Some of these treatments may cause some side effects. So, the patient should ask the certified dermatologist about its possible risks and what the best treatment is. In addition, limiting sun exposure and using sunscreen can help you to avoid this pigmentation problem.

Post in: Skin Care
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